
KKindergarten Standards
Top Mathematicians

Data Management and Probability

K.DMP.1
sort, classify, and compare objects and describe the attributes used (e.g., initially: sort them into piles or collections on the basis of a common attribute; eventually: state the rule they used to sort, classify, or compare)


K.645

K.655

K.665


K.DMP.2
collect objects or data and make representations of their observations, using concrete graphs (e.g., conduct simple surveys and use graphs to represent the data collected from questions posed; use a variety of graphs, such as graphs using people to represent things, bar graphs, pictographs; use tally charts)


K.DMP.3
respond to and pose questions about data collection and graphs


K.675


K.DMP.4
use mathematical language in informal discussions to describe probability (e.g., chance, never, sometimes, always)


K.DMP.1

Geometry and Spatial Sense

K.GSS.1
explore, sort, and compare traditional and nontraditional twodimensional shapes and threedimensional figures (e.g., compare equilateral triangles with triangles that are not equilateral; sort different sizes of boxes, attribute blocks, pattern blocks, a variety of triangles, shapes with three curved sides, objects that create an open shape with three lines)


K.445

K.455


K.GSS.2
identify and describe, using common geometric terms, twodimensional shapes (e.g., triangle) and threedimensional figures (e.g., cone) through investigations with concrete materials


K.465

K.475

K.485

K.495

K.505


K.GSS.3
compose pictures and build designs, shapes, and patterns in twodimensional shapes, and decompose twodimensional shapes into smaller shapes, using various tools or strategies (e.g., sand at the sand table, stickers, geoboards, pattern blocks, a computer program)


K.GSS.4
build threedimensional structures using a variety of materials, and begin to recognize the threedimensional figures that the structure contains


K.GSS.5
investigate the relationship between twodimensional shapes and threedimensional figures in objects that they have made

K.GSS.6
demonstrate an understanding of basic spatial relationships and movements (e.g., use above/below, near/far, in/out; use these words while retelling a story)


K.525

K.535

K.545

K.555

K.565

K.575


K.GSS.1

Number Sense and Numeration

K.NSN.1
investigate the idea that quantity is greater when counting forwards and less when counting backwards (e.g., use manipulatives to create a quantity number line; move along a number line; move around on a hundreds carpet; play simple games on numberline game boards; build a structure using blocks, and describe what happens as blocks are added or removed)

K.NSN.10
demonstrate understanding of the counting concepts of stable order (that is, the concept that the counting sequence is always the same  1 is always followed by 2, 2 by 3, and so on) and of order irrelevance (that is, the concept that the number of objects in a set will be the same regardless of which object is used to begin the counting)


K.3720

K.3810

K.205


K.NSN.11
begin to make use of onetoone correspondence in counting objects and matching groups of objects (e.g., one napkin for each of the people at the table)


K.NSN.12
investigate addition and subtraction in everyday activities through the use of manipulatives (e.g., interlocking cubes), visual models (e.g., a number line, tally marks, a hundreds carpet), or oral exploration (e.g., dramatizing of songs)


K.215

K.225

K.235

K.245

K.2510

K.265

K.2715

K.2810

K.295

K.3010

K.315

K.3210

K.335

K.3410


K.NSN.2
investigate some concepts of quantity through identifying and comparing sets with more, fewer, or the same number of objects (e.g., find out which of two cups contains more or fewer beans, using counters; investigate the ideas of more, less, and the same, using five and ten frames; compare two sets of objects that have the same number of items, one set having the items spread out, and recognize that both sets have the same quantity [concept of conservation]; recognize that the last count represents the actual number of objects in the set [concept of cardinality]; compare five beans with five blocks, and recognize that the number 5 represents the same quantity regardless of the different materials [concept of abstraction])

K.NSN.3
recognize some quantities without having to count, using a variety of tools (e.g., dominoes, dot plates, dice, number of fingers) or strategies (e.g., composing and decomposing numbers, subitizing)


K.210

K.1210

K.135

K.1610

K.1710

K.1815


K.NSN.4
begin to use information to estimate the number in a small set (e.g., apply knowledge of quantity, use a common referent such as a five frame)


K.1210

K.135


K.NSN.5
use, read, and represent whole numbers to 10 in a variety of meaningful contexts (e.g., use a hundreds chart; use magnetic and sandpaper numerals; put the house number on a house built at the block centre; find and recognize numbers in the environment; use magnetic numerals to represent the number of objects in a set; write numerals on imaginary bills at the restaurant at the dramatic play centre)


K.1210

K.135


K.NSN.6
use ordinal numbers in a variety of everyday contexts (e.g., line up toys and manipulatives, and identify the first, second, and so on; after reading a book, respond to the teacher's questions about who was the first or third person to come in the door; identify the first, seventh, or tenth person to arrive at school or in the group)


K.NSN.7
demonstrate an understanding of number relationships for numbers from 0 to 10, through investigation (e.g., initially: show smaller quantities using anchors of five and ten, such as their fingers or manipulatives; eventually: show quantities to 10, using such tools as five and ten frames and manipulatives)


K.15

K.210

K.75

K.85

K.95

K.105

K.115

K.195

K.205


K.NSN.8
investigate and develop strategies for composing and decomposing quantities to 10 (e.g., use manipulatives or "shake and spill" activities; initially: to represent the quantity of 8, the child may first count from 1 through to 8 using his or her fingers; later, the child may put up one hand, count from 1 to 5 using each finger, pause, and then continue to count to 8 using three more fingers; eventually: the child may put up all five fingers of one hand at once and simply say "Five", then count on, using three more fingers and saying "Six, seven, eight. There are eight.")


K.215

K.225

K.235

K.245

K.2510

K.265

K.2715

K.2810

K.295

K.3010

K.315

K.3210

K.335

K.3410


K.NSN.9
explore different Canadian coins, using coin manipulatives (e.g., roleplay the purchasing of items at the store at the dramatic play centre; determine which coin will purchase more  a loonie or a quarter)


K.355

K.365


K.NSN.1

Patterning and Algebra

K.PA.1
identify, extend, reproduce, and create repeating patterns through investigation, using a variety of materials (e.g., attribute materials, pattern blocks, a hundreds chart, toys, bottle tops, buttons, toothpicks) and actions (e.g., physical actions such as clapping, jumping, tapping)


K.585

K.595

K.6010

K.615


K.PA.2
identify and describe informally the repeating nature of patterns in everyday contexts (e.g., patterns in nature, clothing, floor tiles, literature, schedules), using oral expressions (e.g.,"goes before", "goes after","morning, noon, and night", "the four seasons") and gestures (e.g., pointing, nodding)


K.625

K.635


K.PA.1

Measurement

K.MT.1
compare and order two or more objects according to an appropriate measure (e.g., length, mass, area, temperature, capacity), and use measurement terms (e.g., hot/cold for temperature, small/medium/large for capacity, longer/shorter or thicker/thinner for length)


K.395

K.405

K.415

K.425

K.435


K.MT.2
demonstrate, through investigation, an awareness of the use of different measurement tools for measuring different things (e.g., a balance is used for measuring mass, a tape measure for measuring length, a sandglass for measuring time)


K.MT.3
demonstrate awareness of nonstandard measuring devices (e.g., feet, hand spans, string, or cubes to measure length; hand claps to measure time; scoops of water or sand to measure capacity) and strategies for using them (e.g., place common objects end to end; use cubes to plan the length of a road at the sand table or the block centre; measure the distance between the classroom and the water fountain in number of footsteps)


K.MT.4
demonstrate, through investigation, a beginning understanding of the use of nonstandard units of the same size (e.g., straws, paper clips)


K.MT.1